Officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia is a sovereign country that includes the Australian continent’s mainland and the island of Tasmania, and several other smaller islands. By area of Oceania, it is considered the largest country and is the sixth-largest country in the world. The country has a population of nearly 26 million and has an area of 7,617,930 sq kilometers. Australia is heavily concentrated in the eastern seaboard and is highly urbanized. The country’s national capital is Canberra, but Sydney is the biggest city.
Other metropolitan and largest cities are Perth, Adelaide, Brisbane, and Melbourne. With the least fertile soils, it is one of the coldest, driest, and flattest inhabited continents with mega diversity, including a wide variety of climates, landscapes, a dessert in the center, mountain ranges towards the south-east and the tropical rainforest in the north-east. Being the world’s twelfth-largest economy, it is a highly developed country and is a regional power world’s thirteenth- highest military expenditures.
Interesting facts about Australia
Exportation of camels by Saudi Arabia – It has too many camels, while Saudi Arabia doesn’t have enough. The camels were first introduced as a form of transport during the 18th century but multiplied in decent numbers and ultimately became a pest to their farmers. Australians now export their camels to Saudi Arabia and is one of Australia’s interesting facts.
World’s oldest surviving civilization – The aboriginal culture of this country is believed to be the oldest on this planet. This continent’s inhabitant has been estimated to be around 40,000-60,000 years old.
The country’s first police force consisted entirely of convicts – In 1788, the fledgling New South Wales settlement needed the police force. Governor Philip was the man in charge, and he assembled the term called the night watch. He then hired 12 of his best-behaved convicts for this job as he was struggling for the manpower and is one of the interesting facts of Australia. In today’s date, the NSW police force has become one of the largest police organizations in the whole world.
Use of classical music to fight crime – One of the fun facts about Australia is that in 2013, the Knox police of Victoria came up with an idea to stop mobs from loitering shopping centers during the night. They blasted their speakers with the likes of Beethoven and Bach, which was not generally the taste of teenagers, and this trick worked.
Only continent without an active volcano – One of the interesting facts is that due to the middle position of the indo-Australian plate, the Australian mainland doesn’t lie over any major geological faults and thus has zero active volcanoes. But it is home to one of the world’s largest extinct volcanoes called the tweed volcano.
One of the world’s most urbanized places – Despite being gargantuan in size, the vast majority of the continent’s center is uninhabitable due to it being too arid and desolate. Thus around 85% of its population resides in the cities near the coastlines.
Melbourne, largest Greek population in the world – The largest population of Greek outside Athens is Melbourne city compared to any other metropolis. Melbourne has plenty of excellent Aegean-influenced restaurants that reflect the same.
Home to the world’s oldest fossils – The world’s fossils called Stromatolite fossils, which date back around 3.5 billion years old, was first discovered in shark the way of Western part.
The largest property on earth is present in Australia – One of the Australian interesting facts is that the Anna Creek station, with a whopping size of 2.4 million hectares, is the world’s largest working cattle station. This station is seven times bigger than the Texas largest ranch and is rough of the size of Rwanda. It is home to about 9,500 cows and is located near the Coober Pedy and Simpson Desert of South Part.
Sydney opera house – Jorn Utzon, the architect of Sydney opera house, stated that the concept came to him when he was peeling an orange. His design was initially rejected by three judges in a competition in 1956 but was picked by the fourth judge, Eero Saarinen, the renowned American architect, and declared it outstanding.
Australian Alps – The Australian Alps receive more snow than Switzerland. These Alps are part of the Great Dividing Range, along with a series of mountains, highlands, and hills and run about 3,000 kilometers in northern Queensland through New South Wales and is a part of northern Victoria.
The cleanest air in the world is in Tasmania – The island of Tasmania has the air as clean as Antarctica, and one-third of the state has a national park or world heritage protected. The coastal paths reveal impressive views over the Bay of Fires and wineglass, and the island is a walker paradise with trails and walkways winding over Tasmania.
The Great Barrier Reef – The Great Barrier Reef is the largest ecosystem in the whole world and is the pride and joy of Australia. It has nearly 2,500 individual reefs visible from the space and is stretched halfway down towards the eastern coast. It has plenty of places for jumping-off points to explore the kaleidoscopic corals.
Wine regions of Australia – Australia has over 60 separate wine regions. The maximum number of wine regions is present in New South Wales and Victoria. The southern highlands, Alpine valleys, and the Tumbarumba are among Australia’s most picturesque wine regions. Several vineyards are present in Western part, which is reachable from Perth, making it a great tour out of the city to enjoy the wine regions of Australia.
The largest sand island- Fraser Island – The highlight of any trip to Queensland is the sandy shores of Fraser Island. Hervey Bay serves as the jumping-off point to explore the island. The water of Lake Mackenzie is surrounded by a white sandy shore and has clear blue water along with the serenity of champagne pools that allows you to swim in the shallow pools located at the edge of the ocean. This island is a paradise for its tourists.
World’s largest war memorial – The great ocean road is the world’s largest war memorial, and with stunning views and scenic vistas all along the route, it is the most famous drives. After world war one, it was built by the returning soldiers as a memorial for those who died while serving their country. It was designed to connect the isolated communities of Victoria’s rugged coastline.
About 80% of animals are unique in Australia – Ranging from the cuddly marsupials to a wide variety of birds, the animals of Australia are the most interesting in the whole world. The country has a vast range of wildlife, starting from zoos, parks to spotting some unique creatures in the world.
About 2.5km of Uluru is underground – In the red center of country, the vast rock of Uluru is located. It is surrounded by various Aboriginal tribes that worship aboriginal totems and the scrubland. It is among the few places in the world to be listed as the UNESCO world heritage site twice that too both on the natural and the cultural lists. Nearly 2.5 km of the rock is estimated to be undergrounded which is connected with the Olgas, where again after 16 miles, the rock emerges.
The Indian Pacific train – The Indian pacific train has the most extended straight sections of train tracks in the world, which lies between Perth and Sydney. With the luxury services of the train, riding the Indian Pacific is one of the unique experiences, along with the sightseeing of varied landscapes of here as the train snakes its way through the stunning Blue Mountains and outbacks into the mountainous Flinders Ranges.
Sheep outnumber the locals – One of the fun facts about Australia is that with 24.6 million inhabitants, Australia has a very low population density which is seven humans per square mile. The Ergo sheep outnumbers the Australian population with a ratio of 3:1.
Only two mammals on earth lay eggs – The echidna and the platypus are the two mammals on earth that lay eggs, and both are found here. The Europeans first encountered the platypus in 1798. The British scientists were very much baffled by its appearance that they assumed it to be a joke.
The emus can’t walk backward – Emus, as well as the kangaroos, can’t walk backward. Due to this reason, both these Australian endemic species are present on the national coat of arms to express the sentiment of never moving backward and always moving ahead.
The most astonishing plane crash – During 1940, two small planes of the Royal Australian air force mid-air collided over Brocklesby of New South Wales. The planes got interlocked and landed safely rather than crash and fall from the sky. All four pilots successfully survived the emergency landing.
Football’s greatest victory was won on Australian soil – With a staggering record of 31-0, Australia beat their rival in an international football match in 2002 during the FIFA world cup qualifier game. And set the record for the largest-ever victory in an international football match.
Australian economy – The Australian economy is dominated by the service sector. During 2017, it comprised 62.7% of the GDP and employed 78.8% of its labor force.
The Australian socialist colony – During the early 1890s, a group of disenfranchised Australians left their home country when the recession was in the grip. The group was led by William lane, and they formed their own communist ‘utopia’ in Paraguay called new Australia. But in less than two years, the concept failed, and William lane moved out to new Zealand, where he became the editor of new Zealand Harland.
Export of sand to the Middle East – The garnet, a particular variety of sand, is found in abundance in the Australian soil. Garnet is useful for sandblasting and pressure cleaning. Thus large volumes of this are exported to the Arabian nations by the Australian government.
Swimming in the sea used to be illegal – From 1838 to 1902, swimming in public beaches of Sydney and New South Wales during the daylight was illegal due to the reasons of ‘morality. The exposure of female flesh was deemed very much with the lack of separate sex-changing areas. These were before swimwear for women came into the mainstream.
Australian government vs Queen Elizabeth II – One of the interesting facts of Australia is that in response to an Australian government, due to the result of deadlock over drawn-out budgetary squabbling, in the year 1975, the queen stepped in and fired everyone in the parliament and instated a new one.
The world’s richest city was once hosted – During the year 1851, when the state of Victoria struck its gold, Melbourne’s economy boomed for years and thus became the wealthiest metropolis in the whole world. Melbourne tops the chart consistently as the world’s livable city’ and has a record of seven consecutive years at the top.
Kangaroos – The kangaroos are the indigenous species to Australia and New Guinea. The Australian government estimated that the country would be home to around 42.8 million kangaroos in 2019. Kangaroos can’t walk backward and thus can only hope and are also called “wallaroo” and “wallaby.”
Terra nullius – justifying the acquisition by British occupation without any payment or treaty. In 1835, British colonization declared Australia as terra nullius, and the subsequent established Australian land laws.
Conclusion – With its unique experiences and awe-inspiring landscapes, it is well known for its vibrancy in its natural beauty. It is the home to the world’s oldest continuing culture and is one of the most multicultural countries in the whole world. The indigenous peoples of Australia have managed and lived on this land for more than 60,000 years, but the early treatment of its indigenous population was marked with mistreatment and conflicts.
The national language of Australia is English, but more than 300 languages are spoken in Australian homes since nearly 30% of the Australian residential population was born outside the country. The top five languages except for English widely spoken in Australia are Mandarin, Cantonese, Italian, Vietnamese and Arabic.
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